Alzheimer disease, sodium nitrite, stem cells, cognition, behavior, brain, rats


Background. The last researches offer to conduct the study of Alzheimer disease (AD) mechanisms using diverse experimental models. However, it was not investigated the behavioral and cognitive impairment in rats at the different stages of vascular model of dementia of Alzheimer’s type developed by us.

Subjects and methods. The experiment was performed on 32 male WAG rats weighing 180-250 g which were divided into 4 groups. Rats from group 1 and 3 were injected by aqueous solution of sodium nitrite at a dose of 50 mg/kg of body mass intraperitoneally during 14 and 28 days respectively. Groups 2 and 4 were received 500,000 mesenchymal stem cells in suspension intravenously against the background of experimental nitrite-induced AD. To estimate the behavioral reactions and cognitive functions the Open Field Test (OFT) and Passive Avoidance test (PAT) were used.

Results. In all experimental groups in most cases it was found the significant decrease in vertical and horizontal activity (p <0,05) and an increase in the number of defecation in the OFT. Rats from group 3 had the drop in locomotor, research and orientation activity. In the OFT and PAT in groups 2,4 it was observed an improvement in research activity and significant cognitive functions recovery (p=0,012) after stem cell correction.

Conclusions. It was found the progression of the protective inhibition and cognitive impairment during experiment. The stem cells introduction had positive effects on brain function recovery.


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