A theoretical study is written in the form of a short report on approaches to qualitative and quantitative assessment of health and physical performance. Physical, mental, social, sexual health, their relationship to physical performance, and measurability to assess and compare individual and population outcomes are discussed. Separate models of health quality assessment and its formation are noted. Philosophical systems of understanding health, psychological approaches to its study, pedagogical systems of formation are described. It was noted that the level of physical health of a person depends on his ability to maintain the balance of homeokinesis parameters. The significance of adaptation and dysadaptation processes is described. It is proposed to draw up a "vegetative passport" of a person with an indication of the vagosympathetic balance. Physical performance, which is often evaluated together with anthropometric data, aerobic and anaerobic endurance, neuromuscular coordination, flexibility, stress resistance, is taken into account when planning sports training and professional tasks with a difficult physical component. In ordinary life, it can be reduced due to the wide distribution of hypertension, coronary disease and smoking, and frequent vascular crises. Cardiorespiratory capacity (reserves) and exercise tolerance can be carefully determined using special functional tests. The relationship between physical capacity and health indicators determined in the study allows to objectively determine tolerance to physical exertion and compare capacity in the population and in different periods of a person's life.
Keywords: models of health diagnosis, adaptation and maladaptation, homeokinesis, tolerance to physical exertion.
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