The impact of body mass index and age of women on development of eating disorders
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Keywords

obesity
overweight
compulsive overeating
food behavior disorders

How to Cite

Ziuzin, V. (2023). The impact of body mass index and age of women on development of eating disorders. Inter Collegas, 10(2). https://doi.org/10.35339/ic.10.2.zui

Abstract

In press

Background. Obesity and overweight cause more than 1.3 million deaths each year, but even this figure may be an underestimate. According to the Global Nutrition Report, in 2021, 61.4% of men and 55.5% of women in Ukraine faced this problem. 90.0% of obesity cases are the result of lifestyle, eating disorders and physical activity.

The aim of the study was to evaluate the influx of indicators of the body mass index and age of women on the development of disordered eating behavior.

Materials and Methods. The study involved 240 female patients divided into 4 groups depending on the BMI: group 1 included 60 women with underweight, with Body Mass Index (BMI) average (18.0±0.75) kg/m2; group 2 – 60 overweight women with BMI average (27.5±0.98) kg/m2, group 3 – 60 obese women with BMI average (32.2±1.21) kg/m2. Of the women of group 3, 40 had gynoid type obesity, 20 – abdominal type obesity. The control group consisted of 60 women with average BMI (23.5±1.11) kg/m2. The age of the patients ranged from 18 years to 75, average age was (46.5±1.41) years. During the investigation, a variety of psychometric tests were used (Eating Attitudes Tests, Body Attitudes Test and Eating Disorder Examination Interview).

Results and Conclusions. In women of group 1 bulimia nervosa was recorded 8 times (p<0.05) more often, and anorexia nervosa 2.7 times (p<0.05) more often than in the control group. In patients of group 2, compulsive overeating was recorded 5 times (p<0.05) more often, and in group 3 – 18 times (p<0.05) more often than in the control group. Strong correlation was established between the young age (18–30 years) and bulimia nervosa (r=0.7, p=0.02), atypical bulimia nervosa (r=0.8, p=0.001), anorexia nervosa (r=0.76, p=0.003) and atypical anorexia nervosa (r=0.87, p=0.004).

Keywords: obesity, overweight, compulsive overeating, food behavior disorders.

https://doi.org/10.35339/ic.10.2.zui
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