FEATURES OF THE CLINICAL PICTURE OF DEPRESSIVE DISORDERS OF DIFFERENT REGISTERS IN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
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Keywords

depressive reactions, diagnosis, primary care, students, treatment

Abstract

Features of the clinical picture of depressive disorders of different registers in university students

Vashkite I., Khaustov M.

In the course of work with the purpose of developing a complex pathopsychologically grounded system of psychotherapy and psychoprophylaxis for students of higher educational institutions with depressive disorders of affective (DDAR) and neurotic (DDNR) registers, a complex psychodiagnostic, psychometric, and clinical and psychopathological study of 200 students from various universities at the age of 17-24 was conducted. According to the results of the study, it was revealed that the effect of factors related to the start of studies at the university results in the highest probability of depressive disorders of the neurotic register among younger students. Students of senior years are maximally adapted to the conditions of study; therefore, the incidence of these disorders, both clinical and subclinical, is average among them, whereas in senior years there is an increase in the incidence of depressive disorders of the affective register. The article also presents the diagnostic results of studying the emotional sphere of students, the syndromological structure of depressive disorders of both registers, and formulated recommendations on the diagnosis and treatment of patients with depressions in the primary medical system.

Keywords: depressive reactions, diagnosis, primary care, students, treatment.

 

Резюме

Особливості клінічної картини депресивних розладів різних регістрів у студентів ВНЗ.

Вашкіте І.Д., Хаустов М.М.

В ході роботи з метою розробки комплексної патопсихологічно обґрунтованої системи психотерапії та психопрофілактики депресивних розладів афективного (ДРАР) і невротичного регістрів (ДРНР) у студентів вищих навчальних закладів було проведено комплексне психодіагностичне, психометричне і клініко-психопатологічне дослідження 200 студентів різних ВНЗ у віці 17-24 років. 

За результатами проведеного дослідження було виявлено, що дія факторів, пов'язаних з початком навчання у ВНЗ, призводить до найбільшої ймовірності формування депресивних розладів невротичного регістру у студентів молодших курсів. Студенти середніх курсів максимально адаптовані до умов навчання, тому частота зазначених розладів як клінічного, так і субклінічного рівня серед них середня, тоді як на старших курсах спостерігається хвиля зростання виникнення депресивних розладів афективного регістру. У статті також наведені діагностичні результати дослідження емоційної сфери студентів, синдромологічна структура депресивних розладів обох регістрів, сформульовані рекомендації щодо діагностики та лікування хворих з депресіями в системі первинної медичної ланки.

Ключові слова: депресивні реакції, діагностика, лікування, первинна медична ланка, студенти.

 

Резюме

Особенности клинической картины депрессивных расстройств разных регистров у студентов ВУЗов.

Вашките И.Д., Хаустов М.Н.

В ходе работы с целью разработки комплексной патопсихологически обоснованной системы психотерапии та психопрофилактики депрессивных расстройств аффективного (ДРАР) и невротического регистров (ДРНР) у студентов высших учебных заведений было проведено комплексное психодиагностическое, психометрическое и клинико-психопатологическое исследование 200 студентов различных ВУЗов в возрасте 17-24 лет. По результатам проведенного исследование было выявлено, что действие факторов, связанных с началом обучения в ВУЗе, приводит к наибольшей вероятности формирования депрессивных расстройств невротического регистра у студентов младших курсов. Студенты средних курсов максимально адаптированы к условиям обучения, поэтому частота указанных расстройств как клинического, так и субклинического уровня среди них средняя, тогда как на старших курсах наблюдается волна роста возникновения депрессивных расстройств аффективного регистра. В статье также приведены диагностические результаты исследования эмоциональной сферы студентов, синдромологическая структура депрессивных расстройств обоих регистров, сформулированы рекомендации по диагностике и лечению больных с депрессиями в системе первичного медицинского звена.

Ключевые слова: депрессивные реакции, диагностика, лечение, первичное медицинское звено, студенты.

https://doi.org/10.35339/ic.6.2.112-119
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