DISTRIBUTION OF THE CAUSATIVE AGENTS OF RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS IN CHILDREN
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Keywords

microorganisms, biofilms, respiratory diseases, children.
мікроорганізми, біоплівки, захворювання органів дихання, діти.
микроорганизмы, биопленки, заболевания органов дыхания, дети.

Abstract

DISTRIBUTION OF THE CAUSATIVE AGENTS OF RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS IN CHILDREN.

Mishyna М., Gonchar M., Logvinova O., Isaieva H., Basiuk M.

The study aimed to investigate prevalence of microorganisms depending on the site of isolation and disease. The study involved 48 children aged 1 year to 17 years. Acute bronchitis (54, 17%), community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) (33, 33%), bronchial asthma (12, 50%) were diagnosed. Were isolated 173 strains of microorganisms. Gram-positive microorganisms were detected 106 strains (61, 3%), Gram-negative microorganisms - 49 strains (28, 3%), fungi - 18 strains (10, 4%). We investigated 100 samples from nose (nasal swabs), pharynx (throat swabs) and sputum. In 83 cases were isolated Gram-positive microorganisms, in 36 cases were isolated Gram-negative microorganisms, in 18 cases - fungi. Analysis reviled that Staphylococcus aureus most often isolated from patients with acute bronchitis; Gram-negative microorganisms most often detected from throat swabs, comparing with microorganisms detected from nose swabs and sputum.

Keywords: microorganisms, biofilms, respiratory diseases, children.

 

Анотація

ПОШИРЕНІСТЬ ЗБУДНИКІВ ІНФЕКЦІЙ ДИХАЛЬНИХ ШЛЯХІВ У ДІТЕЙ.

Мішина М.М, Гончарь М. О., Логвінова О.Л., Ісаєва Г.О., Басюк М.А.

Метою дослідження було вивчити переважання умовно-патогенних мікроорганізмів, які викликають захворювання органів дихання у дітей, в залежності від місця виділення та захворювання. У дослідженні було 48 дітей у віці від 1 року до 17 років. Пацієнти були з такими діагнозами: гострі бронхіти (54, 17%), негоспітальні пневмонії (33, 33%), бронхіальна астма (12, 50%). Було виділено 173 штама умовно-патогенних мікроорганізмів. Грампозитивних мікроорганізмів було виділено 106 штамів (61, 3%), грамнегативних мікроорганізмів – 49 штамів (28, 3%), грибів – 18 штамів (10, 4%). Було досліджено 100 зразків з зіву, носу, мокротиння. Грампозитивні мікроорганізми були виділені з 83 зразків, грамнегативні – з 36 зразків, гриби – з 18 зразків. Проведене дослідження довело, що Staphylococcus aureus найчастіше виділявся у пацієнтів з гострими бронхітами. Грамнегативні мікроорганізми частіш за все виділялись зі зразків із зіву в порівнянні з мазками з носу та мокротинням.

Ключові слова: мікроорганізми, біоплівки, захворювання органів дихання, діти.

 

Абстракт

РАСПРОСТРАНЕННОСТЬ ВОЗБУДИТЕЛЕЙ ИНФЕКЦИЙ ДЫХАТЕЛЬНЫХ ПУТЕЙ У ДЕТЕЙ.

Мішина М.М., Гончарь М. О., Логвінова О.Л., Ісаєва Г.О., Басюк М.А.

Целью исследования было изучить преобладание условно-патогенныхмикроорганизмов, вызывающих заболевания органов дыхания у детей, в зависимости от места забора материала и заболевания. Исследование включало 48 детей в возрасте от 1 года до 17 лет. Пациенты находились с такими заболеваниями: острые бронхиты (54, 17%), внегоспитальные пневмонии (33, 33%), бронхиальная астма (12, 50%). Всего было выделено 173 штамма условно-патогенных микроорганизмов. Грамположительных микроорганизмов было выделено 106 штаммов (61, 3%), грамотрицательных микроорганизмов – 49 штаммов (28, 3%), грибов – 18 штаммов (10, 4%). Было исследовано 100 образцов из зева, носа, мокроты. Грамположительные микроорганизмы были выделены из 83 образцов, грамотрицальные – из 36 образцов, грибы – из 18 образцов. В ходе исследования было доказано, что Staphylococcus aureus чаще всего выделялся от пациентов с острыми бронхитами. Грамотрицательные микроорганизмы чаще всего выделялись из мазков из зева по сравнению с мазками из носа и мокротой.

Ключевые слова: микроорганизмы, биопленки, заболевания органов дыхания, дети.

https://doi.org/10.35339/ic.7.1.38-44
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