ASSOCIATIONS OF GENERAL MENTAL HEALTH SYMPTOMS WITH SUBJECTIVE SLEEP QUALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DAYTIME SLEEPINESS
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Keywords

Mental health, Work ability, Stress, Sleep, Insomnia

Abstract

ASSOCIATIONS OF GENERAL MENTAL HEALTH SYMPTOMS WITH SUBJECTIVE SLEEP QUALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DAYTIME SLEEPINESS

Schierholz RS, Zavgorodniy I., Darius S., Böckelmann I.

Purpose: Sufficient sleep quality plays a significant role for long-term physical and mental health. The aim of this study was to examine the associations of general mental health symptoms with sleep quality and daytime sleepiness. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey with 84 included participants (female: n = 42, male: n = 42) was conducted. General mental health symptoms were assessed using the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), sleep quality was measured with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and daytime sleepiness was evaluated with the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). Statistical differences were calculated using two-sample t-test and Mann-Whitney U test. For correlation analyses Spearman’s rank correlation was used. Results: Subjects with poor sleep quality reached higher scores in the GHQ-12 and in the ESS than subjects with good sleep quality, but the difference regarding the ESS was not significant. Higher GHQ-12 scores were associated with higher PSQI scores but not with higher ESS scores. Conclusions: Major findings show strong evidence of an association between general mental health symptoms and sleep quality with poor sleepers having a more disturbed mental health than good sleepers. Further evidence of the interrelationship between subjective sleep quality and general mental health symptoms was found.

Keywords: Mental health, Work ability, Stress, Sleep, Insomnia

 

Абстракт

ЗВ’ЯЗОК ЗАГАЛЬНИХ СИМПТОМІВ ПСИХІЧНОГО ЗДОРОВ З СУБ'ЄКТИВНОЮ ЯКІСТЮ СНУ ТАІНДИВІДУАЛЬНОЮ ДЕННОЮ СОНЛИВІСТЮ

Робін Себастьян Шірхольц*, Ігор Завгородній, Сабіна Даріус, Ірина Беккельман

Мета: Достатня якість сну відіграє важливу роль для тривалого фізичного та психічного здоров’я. Метою цьогодослідження було вивчення залежності загальних симптомів психічного здоров’я від якісті сну та денноїсонливості. Матеріали та методи: Було проведено перехресне опитування за участю 84 учасників (жінки: n = 42, чоловіки: n= 42). Загальні симптоми психічного здоров’я оцінювали за допомогою Анкети загального здоров’я (GHQ-12), яка містить 12 пунктів; якість сну оцінювали за допомогою Пітсбургського опитувальника якості сну (PSQI), а денну сонливість оцінювали за Шкалою сонливості Епворта (ESS). Статистичні відмінності розраховувались за допомогою двопробного t-тесту та U-тесту Манна-Вітні. Для кореляційного аналізу було використано рангову кореляцію Спірмена. Результати: Суб'єкти з низькою якістю сну показали більш високі показники у GHQ-12 та ESS, ніж суб'єкти із хорошою якістю сну, але різниця щодо ESS була несуттєвою. Більш високі показники GHQ-12 були пов'язані з більш високими показниками PSQI, але не з більш високими показниками ESS. Висновки: Основні результати виявляють вагомі докази зв'язку між загальними симптомами психічного здоров’я та якістю сну людей, які погано сплять, та людей з міцним сном. У людей з поганим сном більш виражені порушення психічного здоров’я. Були знайдені додаткові докази взаємозв'язку між суб'єктивною якістю сну та загальними симптомами психічного здоров'я.

Ключові слова: Психічне здоров'я, працездатність, стрес, сон, безсоння

 

 Абстракт

СВЯЗЬ ОБЩИХ СИМПТОМОВ ПСИХИЧЕСКОГО ЗДОРОВЬЯ С СУБЪЕКТИВНЫМ КАЧЕСТВОМ СНА И ИНДИВИДУАЛЬНОЙ ДНЕВНОЙ СОНЛИВОСТЬЮ

Робин Себастьян Ширхольц, Игорь Завгородний, Сабина Дариус, Ирина Беккельманн

Цель: Достаточное качество сна играет важную роль для долгосрочного физического и психического здоровья. Целью данного исследования было изучение связи общих симптомов психического здоровья с качеством сна и дневной сонливостью. Материалы и методы. Было проведено перекрестное исследование с 84 участниками (женщины: n = 42, мужчины: n = 42). Общие симптомы психического здоровья оценивали с использованием Общего опросника здоровья (GHQ-12), содержащего 12 пунктов; качество сна оценивали с помощью Питтсбургского опросника качества сна (PSQI), а дневную сонливость оценивали по Шкале сонливости Эпворта (ESS). Статистические различия рассчитывали с использованием двухпробного t-теста и U-теста Манна-Уитни. Для корреляционного анализа была использована ранговая корреляция Спирмена. Результаты: Субъекты с плохим качеством сна показали более высокие баллы в GHQ-12 и в ESS, чем субъекты с хорошим качеством сна, но разница в отношении ESS не была значительной. Более высокие показатели GHQ-12 были связаны с более высокими показателями PSQI, но не с более высокими показателями ESS. Выводы: Основные результаты обнаруживают убедительные доказательства связи между общими симптомами психического здоровья и качеством сна людей, которые плохо спят, и людей с крепким сном. У людей с плохим сном более выражены нарушения психического здоровья. Были найдены дополнительные доказательства взаимосвязи между субъективным качеством сна и общими симптомами психического здоровья.

Ключевые слова: психическое здоровье, трудоспособность, стресс, сон, бессонница

https://doi.org/10.35339/ic.6.4.192-199
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