Introduction. Well-known the fact that obesity, especially its abdominal (visceral) form, is one of the most important risk factors for hypertension.
The purpose: to determine the level of adiponutrin in patients with hypertension and obesity. Assess how the degree of hypertension and obesity affects the level of adiponutrin in our patients with this comorbid pathology.
Materials and methods. The study included 58 patients with hypertension. Grade 1 was diagnosed in 12 (20.69%), grade 2 - in 16 (27.59%), grade 3 - in 30 (51.72%) examined patients. Of these, 32 women and 26 men aged 32 to 79 years (mean age 57.5 ± 10.11 years). Patients underwent anthropometric measurements, assessed lipid profile and changes in carbohydrate metabolism, adiponutrin levels.
Results. The level of adiponutrin in all groups of hypertensive patients with overweight and obesity was significantly increased compared to the control group, but the degree of hypertension did not affect the level of adiponutrin. However, the concentration of the latter in the serum gradually increases according to the duration of hypertension. In addition, the level of adiponutrin increased depending on the degree of obesity, which, in turn, was confirmed by a reliable direct linear relationship between adiponutrin and body mass index.
Conclusions. Based on the data obtained, adiponutrin can be considered as a marker of metabolic syndrome.
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