The aim of the study was to improve the modern diagnosis of placental dysfunction and its complications.
Materials and methods. The study involved a prospective survey of 70 pregnant women divided into the main group (pregnant women with placental dysfunction) (n = 50) and the control group (n = 20). The main group was divided into subgroups of pregnant women with placental dysfunction and fetal growth retardation (n = 30) and pregnant women with placental dysfunction without fetal growth retardation (n = 20). The control group comprised 20 pregnant women with physiological gestation. Apart from history taking, the study comprised obstetric and general clinical examination, evaluation of endothelium- dependent vasodilation, serum concentrations of soluble forms of vascular and platelet- endothelial molecules of cell adhesion 1, indicators of athrombogenicity of the vascular growth wall, uterine-placental-fetal blood circulation, pathomorphological and histometric examination of the placenta.
Results. Based on the obtained clinical-morphological and endotheliotropic criteria, a personalized clinical algorithm for managing pregnant women with placental dysfunction was developed and implemented.
Conclusions. Assessment of pregnancy results in a prospective clinical study showed that the proposed algorithm for personalization of the risk of perinatal abnormalities not only helped to avoid antenatal mortality, but also to prevent intranatal and early neonatal losses in patients with placental dysfunction and fetal growth retardation.
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