Prerequisites. The relevance of the study is caused by the fact that the personality of P. Shatilov does not have a sufficient scientific reflection in the literature from the standpoint and with the use of methods of studying medical local lore. In particular, historical research methods are neglected, however, they can be used to study the work of P. Shatilov in Kharkov in more detail during the epidemics that engulfed the city in 1919-1921. Today, when the whole world suffers from coronavirus infection, it is extremely important to give an example of medical struggle in emergencies, the victories of P. Shatilov not only as a physician but also as a citizen, because such examples instill responsibility to society. 

Task was to provide an updated biographical study of P. Shatilov for the centenary of his death, taking into account the methods of historical research, which had not previously been used in works of this kind. After all, medical personnel require a wider use of methods than previously represented biographical studies on the figure of P. Shatilov. To reproduce the biography of a scientist on a historical background, highlighting not only personal data, but also depicting the era in which the scientist lived and worked. 

Materials and methods. The results of similar studies have indicated that it is necessary to rely on conceptually important general scientific epistemological principles: historicism, objectivity, a combination of both logic and historicity, systematicity. The same methods were used in this study. The methodological basis of this type of research is a specific group of approaches and methods that are used for systematic analysis of the general historical process and medical personalia as an integral part of historical and medical knowledge. The biographical approach, thanks to which the historical reality is considered in time and space, widely covers the problem in a large historical context is a leading one. Phenomenological and paradigmatic approaches provide the necessary scientific tools to reproduce the atmosphere of the time period, reconstruct the preconditions for the formation of worldviews of P. Shatilov, clarify the sources of influence on personality development, the formation of views and beliefs of the scientist, generalization of views and beliefs and his impact on the development of medical science. The high share of this innovative and traditional form of research is provided upon the condition of following the principle of historicism, objectivity of coverage of facts, adequacy in the use of all sources of information, as well as avoiding idealization of the provisions and ideas of the past, giving them a dogmatic status. 

Results. As a result of a comprehensive study, a medical personalia of P. Shatilov was created, which is based on the application of a comprehensive methodological approach. This  is what distinguishes this study from previously created ones and provides an example to researchers for studying topics related to personalities. 

Conclusions. P.I. Shatilov's work in Kharkiv in recent years has been marked by difficulties in combating the plagues that have engulfed the city. However, the scientist tried to introduce a systematic action to combat plagues, based on the principles of contemporary scientific knowledge.






Pertseva, Zh. (2019). Pedagogical skills of Petr Shatilov. Medical University, 17-18, 12.

Kogan-Yasny, V. (1946). Petr Ivanovich Shatilov. Medical practice, 5, 276-277.

Sinyachenko, O. (2010). They glorified themselves and Ukraine: pages of the history of domestic therapy. Crimean Therapeutic Journal, 2(2), 261-268. Retrieved from: https://is.gd/MLRfuD [Russian].

Robak, I. (2017). Polski slad w dziejach Wydzialu Lekarskiego Imperatorskiego Uniwersytetu Charkowskiego: professor Teodor Opechowski (1853-1914) [Polish trace in the history of the Faculty of Medicine of the Imperial University of Kharkiv: professor Teodor Opechowski (1853-1914)]. Medycyna Nowozytna: Studia nad kultura medyczna [New Medicine: Medical Culture Studies], 23(1), 141-153. Retrieved from: https://medycynanowozytna.locloud.pl/items/show/161 [Polish].

Rosenfeld, M. (2020). History of Medicine in Faces. Iss. 1.10: Petr Shatilov. Retrieved from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wU67FgzD4tw [Russian].

Robak, I. (2015). Shatilov Petr Ivanovich. Kharkiv region: encyclopedic dictionary. Kharkiv. Retrieved from: https://is.gd/WeBVMW [Ukrainian].

Shatilov, Ð. (1902). On the doctrine of the forms of pulse curves. Kharkiv. 245 p.Prikhodko, A. (2012). Historic aspects of tuberculosis abatement in Ukraine (at the beginning of the 20th century). Ukrainian Medical Journal: current issues of clinical practice, 92(6), 141-144. Retrieved from: https://is.gd/cHABm9 [Ukrainian].

Arzhanov, K. (2011). Fighters with phthisis. Pharmacist, 6.

Lagutich, M. (2012). Prominent Russian clinician P.I. Shatilov. Kursk region, 3(136), 15-18. Retrieved from: http://old-kursk.ru/people/lm130707.html [Russian].

Housing issue and students (1916). Southern Territory, 13579. Lyubchak, V., Plaksa, V., Maligon, O. (2018). Journal "Medical Practice": sources of 100-year history of Ukrainian medical journalism. Medical practice, 7-8, 164-169.

Shatilov, P.I. (1985). Ukrainian Soviet encyclopedia. Kiev, 12, 302.

Shatilov, P. (1919). Influenza. Medical craft, 7-8, 161-166.The 100th anniversary of the Kharkiv Scientific Medical Society (1861-1961). Kiev: Zdorov'ye [Health], 1965. 260 ð.

Daho, F. R-821. Op. 1. Ref. 140, sheet 6.

Daho, F. R-203. Op. 1. Spr. 2, sheet 87.

Khvysyuk, N. (2011). To the 150th anniversary of the Kharkiv Medical Society. International Medical Journal, 4(17), 107-111. Retrieved from: http://dspace.nbuv.gov.ua/handle/123456789/53292 [Ukrainian].

Robak, I., Demochko, G. (2012). Health care in the first capital of Soviet Ukraine (1919-1934). Kharkiv. 98 p. Retrieved from: https://is.gd/uEfz61 [Ukrainian].

Copyright for articles published in the journal is regulated by the License Agreement for the use of a scientific article in the journal, which is concluded between the author of the article (Licensor) and Kharkov National Medical University (Licensee, publisher of the journal "Inter Collegas"). The licensor grants to the Licensee a non-exclusive non-exclusive license for the use of the article (a license that does not exclude the use of the article by the Licensor and the issuance of licenses to others for use of this article) on the terms and for the period specified in the contract. The licensor (the author of the article) grants the Licensee the right to reproduce the article (publication in the journal "Inter Collegas", publication, duplication, duplication or other reproduction of the article without limiting the circulation of copies, each copy of the article must contain the name of the Licensor; Of general information, including the publication of the article in full or in part on the Internet on the journal page, the right to use the metadata of the article (titles, full names of authors, annotations, bibliography eskih materials) through the dissemination and communication to the public, processing and systematization, as well as inclusion in various databases and in-formational system).

The licensor grants the licensee the right to transfer, store and process his personal data (full name, scientific degree, academic title, place of work and position, contact information of the authors) with the purpose of including them in the database in accordance with the Law of Ukraine No. 2297 - VI "on protection of personal data" from 01.06.2010.

Personal data and metadata of the article are provided for their storage and processing in various databases and information systems, including them in analytical and statistical reporting, creating sound relationships between the objects of works of science, literature and art with personal data, etc. on unlimited territory. The licensee has the right to transfer the specified data for processing and storage to third parties provided that such a fact is notified with the provision of information about the third party (name and address) to the Licensor.