Obesity in young people is one of the main problems of modern health care due to its high prevalence, complex adverse health effects, risk of complications and low effectiveness of existing treatments. The urgency of this problem is also increasing in low- and middle-income countries, including Ukraine. The article presents data on the medical and social significance of obesity at a young age, the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children of all ages in the world and in our country, key risk factors for overweight, as well as key WHO strategies and programs for the prevention of food-related diseases. In Ukraine, there is an insufficient level of registration of cases of obesity, which is due to the imperfection of the existing system of prevention of this pathology. Thus, important measures on this issue in our country, according to modern strategy, are the study of the environment where the child is, the lifestyle of families, the health of overweight children, followed by the organization of prevention and treatment.
OECD (2013). Health at a Glance 2013: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing. 212 p. DOI: 10.1787/health_glance-2013-en.
World Health Organization (WHO) Global Health Observatory Data Repository. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO. 2014. Retrieved from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/.
Zelinskaya, N. B. (2017). Obesity in children: definition, treatment, prevention. Clinical practical guidelines of the Endocrinological Society. Part 1. Ukrainian Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology, (3-4), 48-63.
Karachentsev, Yu. I., Khizhnyak, O. O., & Kazakov A. V. (2015). Obesity in children: monograph. Kharkiv: S.А.М., V. Ya. Danilevsky Institute of Endocrine Pathology of National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine. 240 p.
Netrebenko, O. K. (2011). Obesity in children: the origins of the problem and the search for solutions. Pediatrics, 90(6), 104-113.
Zelinska N. B. (2018). Obesity in children: definition, treatment, prevention. Clinical practical guidelines of the Endocrinological Society. Part 2/ Ukrainian Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology, (1), 65-76. DOI: 10.1210/jc.2016-2573.
Styne, D. M., Arslanian, S. A., & Connor, E. L. (2018). Obesity in children: definition, treatment, prevention. Clinical practical guidelines of the Endocrinological Society. Part 3, (2), 54-74.
Peterkova, V. A., & Vasyukova, O. V. (2015). On the question of a new classification of obesity in children and adolescents. Problems of endocrinology: a two-month scientific and practical journal, 61(2), 39-44. DOI: 10.14341/probl201561239-44. [In Russian].
Vainilovich, E. G., Danilova, L. I., Sretenskaya, J. L., & Zapolsky, S. A. (2010). Comparison of different reference tables and threshold values of body mass index for estimating the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and body mass deficit in schoolchildren. Problems of endocrinology, 56(6), 9-13.
Chaichenko, T.V. (2011). Anthropometric relationships in adolescents with overweight and obesity. Experimental and clinical medicine, (2), 108-112.
Bliiher, S., & Schwarz, P. (2016). Metabolically healthy obesity from childhood to adulthood: does only the state of body weight matter? Therapia, (7/8), 10-16.
Lobstein, T., Jackson-Leach, R., Moodie, M. L., Hall, K. D., Gortmaker, S. L., Swinburn, B. A. … & McPherson, K. (2015). Child and adolescent obesity: part of a bigger picture. Lancet, 385(9986), 2510-2520. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61746-3.
Bezvushko, E. V., & Kostura V. L. (2015). Overweight and obesity and children's health. Bulletin of problems biology and medicine, 1(2), 68-72.
Zabolotna, I. E., & Yashchenko, Y. B. (2017). Prevalence of obesity and overweight among children and their health. Ukrainian Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology, (3-4), 22-29.
Levadskaya, N. (2015). Obesity: a problem or a disease? Journal of Diabetes. Adiposity. Metabolic syndrome, (1), 8-14.
Joan, C. H., Debbie, A. L., & Sue, Y. S. (2010). Obesity in children. Ukrainian Medical Bulletin. Therapia, (12), 10-17.
Drapkina, O., & Popova, I. (2012). Problems associated with excess body weight. Doctor, (9), 32-36.
Lezhenko, G. O., & Gladun, K. V. (2017). Peculiarities of obesity in adolescents. Pediatrician, (1), 5-12.
Malinovskaya, T. M. (2014). Early diagnosis of metabolic changes and determination of cardiovascular risk factors in children and adolescents with obesity. Endocrinology, 19(4), 320-321.
Minchenko, D. O. (2015). Molecular basis of obesity and its metabolic complications in children. Modern Pediatrics, (2), 109-112.
Pavlovskaya, E. V., Kaganov, B. S., & Strokova, T. V. (2013). Obesity in children and adolescents – pathogenetic mechanisms, clinical manifestations, principles of treatment. International Journal of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology, 3(2), 67-79.
Budreyko, O. A., Shlyakhova, N. V., & Nikitina, L. D. (2014). Formation of complicated obesity in children. Endocrinology, 19(4), 279-280.
Chumak, S. O. (2011). Microcirculatory changes in obese children. Problems of endocrine pathology, (4), 60-67.
Bell, L. M., Curran, J. A., Byrne, S., Roby, H., Suriano, K., Jones, T. W., & Davis, E. A. (2011). High incidence of obesity co-morbidities in young children: a cross-sectional study. Journal of paediatrics and child health, 47(12), 911-917. DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1754.2011.02102.x.
Wake, M., Clifford, S. A., Patton, G. C., Waters, E., Williams, J., Canterford, L., & Carlin, J. B. (2013). Morbidity patterns among the underweight, overweight and obese between 2 and 18 years: population-based cross-sectional analyses. International journal of obesity (2005), 37(1), 86-93. DOI: 10.1038/ijo.2012.86.
Bobrikovich, O. S. (2010). Obesity in children as a risk of metabolic syndrome. Pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, 72(4), 21-22.
Bokarev, I. N. (2014). Metabolic syndrome. Clinical medicine: a monthly scientific-practical journal, 92(8), 71-76.
Kravchenko, N. A., & Klimenko, N. N. (2012). Mechanisms of development of cardiometabolic syndrome in obesity. Problems of endocrine pathology, (1): 84-93.
Balykova, L. A., Soldatov, O. M., Samoshkina, E. S., et al. (2010). Metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents, 89(3), 127-134.
Kozlova, L. V., Bekezin, V. V., Kozlov, S. B., et al. (2009). Metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents with obesity: diagnosis, criteria for working classification, features of treatment. Pediatrics, 88(6), 142-150.
Pyrtsu, L., Rud, M., Paliy, I., & Konstantinova, A. (2012). Obesity in children as a risk factor for hypertension in childhood. Perinatology and Pediatrics, (1), 78-80.
Korzun, V. N., Garkusha, S. L., Gaiduk M. V., et al. (2015). Prevention and treatment of obesity as the main component of the metabolic syndrome in the population. Problems of aging and longevity, 24(3/4), 408-419.
Popova, I. R., Pavlov, Ch. S., Glushenkov, D. V., et al. (2012). The prevalence of liver and gallbladder diseases in patients with overweight and obesity. Clinical Medicine, 90(10), 38-43.
Senatorova, A. S., & Chaichenko T. V. (2011). Components of metabolic syndrome in children with overweight and obesity. Modern Pediatrics, (5), 209-212.
Tsymbalista, O. L., & Bobrikovych, O. S. (2011). Arterial hypertension in children of senior school age as a manifestation of metabolic syndrome. Perinatology and pediatrics: scientific and practical journal, (3), 45-47.
Vainilovich, E. G., Lushchik, M. L., Sretenskaya, Zh. L., et al. The frequency of abdominal obesity and associated metabolic disorders in children 7–13 years old. Problems of endocrinology, 57(5), 15-23.
Chmyr, N. V., & Dutka, R. Ya. (2017). Pathogenetic and clinical features of the metabolic syndrome associated with obesity and their prognostic value. Bukovynian Medical Bulletin, 21(2(1)), 127-130.
Shcherbina, I. N. (2012). The place and role of metabolic syndrome in the pathogenesis of menstrual disorders. Problems of continuous medical education and science, (2), 46-49.
Chen, F., Wang, Y., Shan, X., Cheng, H., Hou, D., Zhao, X. … & Mi, J. (2012). Association between childhood obesity and metabolic syndrome: evidence from a large sample of Chinese children and adolescents. PloS one, 7(10), e47380. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0047380.
Holst-Schumacher, I., Nuñez-Rivas, H., Monge-Rojas, R., & Barrantes-Santamaría, M. (2009). Components of the metabolic syndrome among a sample of overweight and obese Costa Rican schoolchildren. Food and nutrition bulletin, 30(2), 161–170. DOI: 10.1177/156482650903000208.
Evia-Viscarra, M. L., Rodea-Montero, E. R., Apolinar-Jiménez, E., & Quintana-Vargas, S. (2013). Metabolic syndrome and its components among obese (BMI >=95th) Mexican adolescents. Endocrine connections, 2(4), 208–215. DOI: 10.1530/EC-13-0057.
Zaki, M. E., Mohamed, S. K., Bahgat, K. A., & Kholoussi, S. M. (2012). Metabolic syndrome components in obese Egyptian children. Annals of Saudi medicine, 32(6), 603–610. DOI: 10.5144/0256-4947.2012.603.
Morea, M., & Miu, N. (2013). Metabolic syndrome in children. HVM Bioflux, 5(3), 103-108. Retrieved from: https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/20143164512
Beck, N. S. (2012). Metabolic factors of cardiovascular risk in patients with hypertension on the background of overweight and obesity. Current issues of modern medicine: Bulletin of the Ukrainian Medical Dental Academy: Scientific and Practical Journal, 12(3), 12-15.
Bilovol, O. M., Bobronnikova, L. R., & Shalimova, A. S. (2016). Relationships between metabolic parameters and vascular remodeling in comorbidity of hypertension, type 2 diabetes and obesity. Problems of endocrine pathology: medical scientific-practical journal, (4), 14-22.
Bolshova, O. V., & Malinovskaya, T. M. (2012). Features of carbohydrate and fat metabolism in different forms of fat deposition in children and adolescents with metabolic syndrome. Pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, 75(5), 26-30.
Borshulyak, A. A., Bodnaryuk, O. I., & Andriets, O. A. (2017). Aspects of the development of menstrual disorders in girls with overweight. Obstetrics. Gynecology. Genetics: scientific and practical journal, 3(3), 47-52.
Drapkina, O. M., & Popova, I. R. (2013). The role of obesity in the development of arterial hypertension and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Ukrainian medical journal: scientific and practical general medical journal, (2), 125-128.
Kovtyuk, N. I. (2009). Physiological component of quality of life associated with health in children. Pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, 71(1), 20-23.
Lyashuk, R. P., Lyashuk, P. M., Marchuk Y. F., et al. (2016). Comorbidity of type 2 diabetes and obesity (literature review). Clinical and experimental pathology, 15(1), 198-200.
Korenev, M. M. Bogmat, L. F., & Nosova, O. M. Arterial hypertension and obesity in adolescents. Ukrainian Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology, (2), 79-80.
Kosovtsova, G. V., Nikitina, L. D., & Yudchenko O. I. (2014). Features of physical and sexual development in adolescents with obesity. Ukrainian Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology, (2), 81-82.
Marushko, Yu. V., & Gishchak, T. V. (2014). Features of the course of arterial hypertension in children with obesity. Ukrainian Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology, (2), 88.
Budreyko, O. A., Nikitina, L. D., Chumak, S. O., & Filipova, N. V. (2011). Disorders of carbohydrate metabolism in children and adolescents with obesity. Perinatology and Pediatrics, (3), 118-120.
Rogovyi, Yu. E., Shvets, N. V., & Shvets, V. I. (2016). Pathophysiology of arterial hypertension, renal dysfunction and osteoarthritis in obese patients (literature review). Bukovynian Medical Bulletin, 20(2), 204-208.
Sidorchuk, L. P., Sokolenko, A. A., & Petrychuk A. M. (2012). Phenotypic manifestations of hypertension in patients with overweight and obesity. Bukovynian Medical Bulletin, 16(4), 149-153.
Tagieva, A. A. (2017). Estimation of excess body weight and obesity as risk factors for the formation of hypertension among school-age children. Family Medicine, (5), 27-30.
Titov, V. N., & Dmitriev, V. A. (2015). Obesity – adipocyte pathology: cell number, arterial volume, local circulatory pools in vivo, natriuretic peptides and arterial hypertension. Clinical laboratory diagnostics, 60(3), 4-13.
Bolotova, N. V., Posokhova, N. V., Dronova, E. G., & Lukyanov, V. F. (2013). Risk factors for the formation of hypertension in children and adolescents with obesity. Pediatrics, 92(5), 40-44.
Budreyko, O. A., Nikitina, L. D., Chumak S. O., et al. (2010). Frequency of insulin resistance among children and adolescents with obesity. Problems of endocrine pathology, (2), 35-40.
Chobanov, R. E., & Liftiev, R. B. (2009). Features of the formation of hypertension in persons with excess body weight. International. honey. Magazine, 15(4(60)), 38-42.
DeBoer M. D. (2013). Obesity, systemic inflammation, and increased risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes among adolescents: a need for screening tools to target interventions. Nutrition, 29(2), 379-386. DOI: 10.1016/j.nut.2012.07.003.
Machado, A. P., Lima, B. M., Laureano, M. G., Silva, P. H., Tardin, G. P., Reis, P. S. … & D'Artibale, E. F. (2016). Educational strategies for the prevention of diabetes, hypertension, and obesity. Revista da Associacao Medica Brasileira (1992), 62(8), 800–808. DOI: 10.1590/1806-9282.62.08.800.
Halpern, A., Mancini, M.C., Magalhães, M.E.C., et al. (2010). Metabolic syndrome, dyslipidemia, hypertension and type 2 diabetes in youth: from diagnosis to treatment. Diabetol Metab Syndr., (2), 55-75. DOI: 10.1186/1758-5996-2-55.
Bokova, T. A., Ursova, N. I., & Potapova, E. A. (2012). Gallstone disease in obese children. Experimental and clinical gastroenterology, (1), 28-33.
Buznytska, O. V. (2013). Functional state of the liver and biochemical indicators of fibrogenesis in adolescents with obesity. Modern Pediatrics: Scientific and Practical Pediatric Journal, (2), 98-102.
Platonova, O. M., Velichko, V. I., Garinicheva, T. O., & Sochinskaya T. V. (2012). Gastroenterological aspects of obesity in children. Clinical and experimental pathology, 11(1), 135-137.
Kryuchko T. O., Pilipenko, O. A., & Nesina I. M. (2014). Metabolic syndrome as a basis for the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in obese children. Child Health: scientific and practical journal, (4), 21-25.
Kryuchko T. O., Pilipenko, O. A. (2014). Peculiarities of clinical course of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in children and adolescents with obesity. Pediatrician, (5), 54-58.
Lazebnik, L. B., & Zvenigorodskaya, L. L. (2009). Metabolic syndrome and digestive organs. М.: Anaharsys, 2009. 184 p.
Lityaeva, L. A., & Kovaleva, O. V. (2015). Nutrition of mothers during pregnancy as a risk factor for obesity in children. Pediatrics. Their magazine. G.N. Speransky, 94(5), 8-12.
Parkhomenko, L. K., Strashok, L. A., & Buznytska O. V. (2013). Functional state of the digestive system in children and adolescents with obesity. Bulletin of problems biology and medicine: Ukrainian scientific and practical journal, 3(1), 143-147.
Popova, I. R., Pavlov, Ch. S., & Glushenkov, D. V. (2012). The prevalence of liver and gallbladder diseases in patients with overweight and obesity. Clinical Medicine, 90(10), 38-43.
Bolotova, A. P., Averyanov, E. G., et al. (2012). Non-drug correction of neuroendocrine disorders in adolescent girls with obesity. Obstetrics and gynecology, (7), 92-97.
Stolzman, S., Irby, M. B., Callahan, A. B., & Skelton, J. A. (2015). Pes planus and paediatric obesity: a systematic review of the literature. Clinical obesity, 5(2), 52-59. DOI: 10.1111/cob.12091.
Bidzilya, P. P. (2016). Age features of the clinical course of chronic heart failure and structural and functional changes of the heart on the background of excess body weight and obesity. Family Medicine, (2), 83-86.
Todurov, I. M., Bilyansky, L. S., Perekhrestenko, O. V., & Kosokhno S. V. (2013). Factor of intra-abdominal pressure in patients with morbid obesity. Clinical surgery: scientific and practical journal, (5), 28-31.
Shishkova, V. N., Remennik, A. Yu., & Zotova, L. I. (2012). Development of the main disorders of hemostasis in obese patients. Cardiology, 52(2), 59-64.
Shushlyapina, O.V., & Budreyko, O. A. (2015). Features of pathology of the thyroid gland in children with obesity. Perinatology and Pediatrics, (4), 111-113.
Ivanov, A. P., Elgardt, I. A., & Rostorotskaya V. V. (2012). Obstructive sleep apnea, hypertension and obesity: clinical and functional aspects. Clinical medicine, 90(2), 27-30.
Oleynikov, V. E., Sergatskaya, N. V., & Tomashevskaya, Yu. A. (2012). The relationship between obesity and carbohydrate metabolism disorders with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. International Medical Journal,18(3), 31-38.
Velichko, V. I. (2012). Development of local nonspecific immunity in children with overweight and obesity. Odessa Medical Journal, (3), 61-64.
Imanova, N. I. (2013). Obesity as risk factors for the development of pathology of the respiratory tract. Bulletin of problems of biology and medicine: Ukrainian scientific and practical journal, (2), 16-22.
Pasieshvili, T. M. (2013). Influence of comorbidity of bronchial asthma and obesity on the quality of life of patients. General therapeutic practice: new technologies and interdisciplinary issues: materials of scientific-practical conference with international participation (Kharkiv, November 7, 2013). Ministry of Health of Ukraine, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, SI "L.T. Mala National Institute of Therapy", Kharkiv National Medical University, Main Department of Health of the Kharkiv Regional State Administration, Department of Health of the Kharkiv City Council. Kharkiv. P. 238.
Velichko, V. I. (2011). Perception of their own figure by children with excess body weight and obesity. Modern Pediatrics, 6(40), 183-186.
Solntseva, A. V., & Emelyantseva, T. A. (2017). Obesity and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children: is there a relationship? Literature review. Psychiatry psychotherapy and clinical psychology: international scientific-practical journal, 8(3), 432-439.
Solntseva, A. V. (2014). Estimation of psychological factors influencing eating behavior in obese children. Ukrainian Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology, (3), 19-25.
Sukhir, D. (2011). Treatment of obesity in children through the use of combined drug and psychological therapy. Achievements of biology and medicine, 2(18), 55-57.
Tsiunchik, Yu. G. (2016). Clinical significance of psycho-emotional factors in obesity in children. Modern Pediatrics, (5), 98-101.
Tsiunchik, Yu. G., Sudhir, D. (2011). Violation of psycho-emotional status in obese children. Perinatology and pediatrics, (3), 104-107.
Chaichenko, T. V. (2015). Effectiveness of non-drug interventions in obese children. Ukrainian Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology, (1), 31-34.
Assari, S. (2014). The link between mental health and obesity: role of individual and contextual factors. International journal of preventive medicine, 5(3), 247-249. PMCID: PMC4018631.
Hoare, E., Millar, L., Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, M., Skouteris, H., Nichols, M., Jacka, F. … & Allender, S. (2014). Associations between obesogenic risk and depressive symptomatology in Australian adolescents: a cross-sectional study. Journal of epidemiology and community health, 68(8), 767-772. DOI: 10.1136/jech-2013-203562.
Lezhenko, G. O. (2016). Peculiarities of obesity in adolescents. Pediatrician, (2), 20-26.
Brisbois, T. D., Farmer, A. P., & McCargar, L. J. (2012). Early markers of adult obesity: a review. Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 13(4), 347-367. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2011.00965.x.
Halfon, N., Verhoef, P. A., & Kuo, A. A. (2012). Childhood antecedents to adult cardiovascular disease. Pediatrics in review, 33(2), 51-61. DOI: 10.1542/pir.33-2-51.
Manios, Y., Moschonis, G., Karatzi, K., Androutsos, O., Chinapaw, M., Moreno, L. A., … & ENERGY Consortium (2015). Large proportions of overweight and obese children, as well as their parents, underestimate children's weight status across Europe. The ENERGY (EuropeaN Energy balance Research to prevent excessive weight Gain among Youth) project. Public health nutrition, 18(12), 2183-2190. DOI: 10.1017/S136898001400305X.
McPherson, N. O., Fullston, T., Aitken, R. J., & Lane, M. (2014). Paternal obesity, interventions, and mechanistic pathways to impaired health in offspring. Annals of nutrition & metabolism, 64(3-4), 231-238. DOI: 10.1159/000365026.
Rudolph, H., Blüher, S., Falkenberg, C., Neef, M., Körner, A., Würz, J., … & Brähler, E. (2010). Perception of body weight status: a case control study of obese and lean children and adolescents and their parents. Obesity facts, 3(2), 83-91. DOI: 10.1159/000295495.
Stettler, N., & Iotova, V. (2010). Early growth patterns and long-term obesity risk. Current opinion in clinical nutrition and metabolic care, 13(3), 294-299. DOI: 10.1097/MCO.0b013e328337d7b9.
Park, M. H., Falconer, C., Viner, R. M., & Kinra, S. (2012). The impact of childhood obesity on morbidity and mortality in adulthood: a systematic review. Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 13(11), 985–1000. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2012.01015.x.
More than half of Ukrainians are overweight. Research. Ukrinform, March 04, 2021. [Internet]. Retrieved from: https://www.ukrinform.ua/rubric-society/3202477-vid-nadmirnoi-vagi-strazdaut-bils-ak-polovina-ukrainciv.html
Boyko, V. V., & Pavlov, A. A. (2011). Excess body weight – just a cosmetic problem? Kharkiv Surgical School, (4), 83-89.
Kalinichenko, D. O. (2016). Medico-social factors of health care for the contingent of children 15–17 years. Actual problems of modern medicine: Bulletin of the Ukrainian Medical Dental Academy, 16(4(2)), 251-255.
Makovkina Yu. A. (2013). From health to disease through the prism of obesity in children. Pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, 76(6), 33-36.
Golubovsky, I. A., Vovchuk, O. M., Ocheretna O. L., et al. (2014). Obesity as one of the most important problems of modernity in various fields of medicine, ways to solve. Biomedical and biosocial anthropology, (22) 261-264.
LeBlanc, E., O'Connor, E., Whitlock, E. P., Patnode, C., & Kapka, T. (2011). Screening for and Management of Obesity and Overweight in Adults. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US). PMID: 22049569.
Due, P., Damsgaard, M. T., Rasmussen, M., Holstein, B. E., Wardle, J., Merlo, J., … & Valimaa, R. (2009). Socioeconomic position, macroeconomic environment and overweight among adolescents in 35 countries. International journal of obesity (2005), 33(10), 1084-1093. DOI: 10.1038/ijo.2009.128.
Voejtech, H. (2009). Obesity is an epidemic of the XXI century: a modern view of the problem. Internal Medicine, (4), 28-33.
WHO. Overweight and obesity. Fact sheet. 2011. 2 p.
Wilfley, D. E., Vannucci, A., & White, E. K. (2010). Early intervention of eating- and weight-related problems. Journal of clinical psychology in medical settings, 17(4), 285-300. DOI: 10.1007/s10880-010-9209-0.
Gurova, M. M. (2014). Obesity in children: epidemiological aspects. Pediatric Practice, (3/4), 7-13.
Rodionova, T. I., Tepaeva, A. I. Obesity – a global problem of modern society. Fundamental research, (12), 132-136.
Report of the commission on ending childhood obesity. WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data, 2016 [Electronic resource]. Retrieved from: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/204176/1/9789241510066_eng.pdf
World Health Organization (2015). Using price policies to promote healthier diets. Retrieved from: http://www.euro.who.int/en/publications/abstracts/using-price-policies-to-promote-healthier-diets
World Health Organization (2016). Obesity and overweight. Retrieved from: www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/
Cunningham, S. A., Kramer, M. R., & Narayan, K. M. (2014). Incidence of childhood obesity in the United States. The New England journal of medicine, 370(17), 1660-1661. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMc1402397.
Ogden, C. L., Carroll, M. D., Kit, B. K., & Flegal, K. M. (2014). Prevalence of childhood and adult obesity in the United States, 2011-2012. JAMA, 311(8), 806–814. DOI: 10.1001/jama.2014.732.
Newson, L., Povey, R., Casson, A., Grogan , S. (2013). The experiences and understandings of obesity: families’ decisions to attend a childhood obesity intervention. Psychol Health 2013; 28 : 1287–305.
Orsi, C. M., Hale, D. E., & Lynch, J. L. (2011). Pediatric obesity epidemiology. Current opinion in endocrinology, diabetes, and obesity, 18(1), 14-22. DOI: 10.1097/MED.0b013e3283423de1.
Second International Conference on Nutrition: Report of the Joint FAO/WHO Secretariat on the Conference ; December 2014 Rome.
UNICEF, WHO, & World Bank (2015). Levels and trends in child malnutrition: UNICEF/WHO/The World Bank Group joint child malnutrition estimates: key findings of the 2015 edition. UNICEF, New York; WHO, Geneva; World Bank, Washington, DC.
Lezhenko, G. O., & Gladun, K. V. (2016). Possibilities of predicting the development of hypertension in children with obesity. Problems of endocrine pathology, (2), 27-34.
Posokhova, N. V., & Bolotova, N. V. (2015). Obesity as a factor in the formation of hypertension in children and adolescents. Pediatrics. Their magazine. GN Speransky, 94(5), 127-131.
Skinner, A. C., Perrin, E. M., Moss, L. A., & Skelton, J. A. (2015). Cardiometabolic Risks and Severity of Obesity in Children and Young Adults. The New England journal of medicine, 373(14), 1307-1317. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1502821.
Juonala, M., Magnussen, C. G., Berenson, G. S., Venn, A., Burns, T. L., Sabin, M. A. … & Raitakari, O. T. (2011). Childhood adiposity, adult adiposity, and cardiovascular risk factors. The New England journal of medicine, 365(20), 1876-1885. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1010112.
Peirson, L., Fitzpatrick-Lewis, D., Ciliska, D., Usman Ali, M., Raina, P., & Sherifali, D. (2015). Strategies for weight maintenance in adult populations treated for overweight and obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis. CMAJ open, 3(1), E47–E54. DOI: 10.9778/cmajo.20140050.
Moskalenko, V. F., Gruzeva, T. S., Galienko, L. I., et al. (2011). Excess body weight and obesity as components of the formation of the total burden of disease and deterioration of quality of life. Eastern European Journal of Public Health, (1), 164-165.
Samorodskaya, I. V., Bolotova, E. V., & Boitsov, S. A. (2015). "Paradox of obesity" and cardiovascular mortality. Cardiology, 55(9), 31-36.
Franks, P. W., Hanson, R. L., Knowler, W. C., Sievers, M. L., Bennett, P. H., & Looker, H. C. (2010). Childhood obesity, other cardiovascular risk factors, and premature death. The New England journal of medicine, 362(6), 485-493. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa0904130.
Reilly, J. J., & Kelly, J. (2011). Long-term impact of overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence on morbidity and premature mortality in adulthood: systematic review. International journal of obesity (2005), 35(7), 891-898. DOI: 10.1038/ijo.2010.222.
WHO Regional Office for Europe (2015). The European health report 2015. Targets and beyond – Reaching new frontiers in evidence. Highlights. Retrieved from: https://is.gd/4xU8JL
Kuznetsova, O.S., Chernyshev, A.V. (2014). Social and economic consequences of obesity (according to the literature). Bulletin of TSU, 19(3), 1012-1014.
Makhrova, I. A., Ivashchenko, I. N. (2013). Questions of hygiene of clothes of children and teenagers with obesity. Hygiene and sanitation, (2), 61-66.
Kasman, M. H. R., Werman, A., Mack-Crane, A., Mc Kinnon, R. An indepth look at the lifetime economic cost of obesity. Retrieved from: https://is.gd/94uIQr
Finkelstein, E. A., Trogdon, J. G., Cohen, J. W., & Dietz, W. (2009). Annual medical spending attributable to obesity: payer-and service-specific estimates. Health affairs (Project Hope), 28(5), w822–w831. DOI: 10.1377/hlthaff.28.5.w822.
van der Baan-Slootweg, O., Benninga, M. A., Beelen, A., van der Palen, J., Tamminga-Smeulders, C., Tijssen, J. G., & van Aalderen, W. M. (2014). Inpatient treatment of children and adolescents with severe obesity in the Netherlands: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA pediatrics, 168(9), 807-814. DOI: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.521.
Brown, T., Moore, T. H., Hooper, L., Gao, Y., Zayegh, A., Ijaz, S. … & Summerbell, C. D. (2019). Interventions for preventing obesity in children. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, 7(7), CD001871. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001871.pub4.
John, J., Wenig, C. M., & Wolfenstetter, S. B. (2010). Recent economic findings on childhood obesity: cost-of-illness and cost-effectiveness of interventions. Current opinion in clinical nutrition and metabolic care, 13(3), 305-313. DOI: 10.1097/MCO.0b013e328337fe18.
Lezhenko, G. O., Pashkova, O. E., Gladun, K. V. (2017). Modern possibilities of therapy of obesity and its complications in children. Pediatrician, (1), 52-56.
Committee on Accelerating Progress in Obesity Prevention, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, Glickman, D., Parker, L., Sim, L. J., Del Valle Cook, H., & Miller, E. A. (Eds.). (2012). Accelerating Progress in Obesity Prevention: Solving the Weight of the Nation. National Academies Press (US).
World Health Organization (2015). 2015 Guideline: sugars intake for adults and children. Retrieved from: http://www.who.int/nutrition/ publications/guidelines
WHO Regional Office for Europe (2011). Action Plan for implementation of the European Strategy for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases 2012–2016. Declaration EUR/RC61/R3. Baku, Azerbaijan, 5 p.
WHO Regional Office for Europe (2010). Fifth Ministerial Conference on Environment and Health "Protecting children's health in a changing environment", Declaration EUR/55934/5.1 Rev. 2. Parma, Italy, 10–12 March 2010. 10 p. Retrieved from: http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0011/78608/E93618.pdf
Branka, F. (2009). The challenge of obesity in the WHO European Region and the strategies for response. Ed. by Branka, F., Nikogosian, H. & Lobstein, T.; WHO Library Catalogue in Publication Data. Copenhagen, Denmark.
Ministry of Health of Ukraine (2018, June 5). WHO has presented a global action plan to increase physical activity. Retrieved from: https://moz.gov.ua/article/news/vooz-predstavila-globalnij-plan-dij-dlja-pidvischennja-rivnja-fizichnoi-aktivnosti
Kelly, A. S., Barlow, S. E., Rao, G., Inge, T. H., Hayman, L. L., Steinberger, J., … & American Heart Association Atherosclerosis, Hypertension, and Obesity in the Young Committee of the Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity and Metabolism, and Council on Clinical Cardiology (2013). Severe obesity in children and adolescents: identification, associated health risks, and treatment approaches: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation, 128(15), 1689-1712. DOI: 10.1161/CIR.0b013e3182a5cfb3.
Tanamas, S. K., Lean, M., Combet, E., Vlassopoulos, A., Zimmet, P. Z., & Peeters, A. (2016). Changing guards: time to move beyond body mass index for population monitoring of excess adiposity. QJM : monthly journal of the Association of Physicians, 109(7), 443-446. DOI: 10.1093/qjmed/hcv201
WHO Regional Office for Europe (2017). Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative (COSI), Protocol. October, 2016. Geneva. 23 p. Retrieved from: https://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0018/333900/COSI-protocol-en.pdf
Keränen, A. M., Strengell, K., Savolainen, M. J., & Laitinen, J. H. (2011). Effect of weight loss intervention on the association between eating behaviour measured by TFEQ-18 and dietary intake in adults. Appetite, 56(1), 156-162. DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2010.10.004.
Ho, M., Garnett, S. P., Baur, L., Burrows, T., Stewart, L., Neve, M., & Collins, C. (2012). Effectiveness of lifestyle interventions in child obesity: systematic review with meta-analysis. Pediatrics, 130(6), e1647-e1671. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2012-1176.
Ickes, M. J., McMullen, J., Haider, T., & Sharma, M. (2014). Global school-based childhood obesity interventions: a review. International journal of environmental research and public health, 11(9), 8940-8961. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph110908940.
WHO (2010). Global Status Report on Noncommunicable Diseases 2010. Geneva. 162 p.
Cataldo, R., John, J., Chandran, L., Pati, S., & Shroyer, A. L. (2013). Impact of physical activity intervention programs on self-efficacy in youths: a systematic review. ISRN obesity, 2013, 586497. DOI: 10.1155/2013/586497.
Sidorova, N. N. (2014). Excess body weight and obesity. Therapia. Ukrainian Medical Bulletin: scientific journal, (10), 66-68.
Samorodskaya, I. V. (2015). Are new approaches to the assessment of obesity necessary? Clinical medicine: monthly scientific-practical journal, 93(1), 29-34.
Velichko, V. I. (2011). Features of the epidemiology of childhood obesity in southern Ukraine. Child Health, (7), 52-56.
Velichko, V. I., Babiy, I. L., Luchnikova, T. V., & Wenger, J. I. (2011). Children's obesity as an urgent problem of modern pediatric practice: the results of monitoring in the Odessa region. Odessa Medical Journal, (5): 42-44.
Zelinska, N. B., Rudenko N. G. (2017). Pediatric endocrinology in Ukraine: statistical indicators based on the results of 2016 and their dynamics. Ukrainian Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology, 2(22), 5-17.
Kresyun, V. Y., Velichko, V. I. (2012). Epidemiology, risk factors and diagnosis of overweight and obesity in children of Odessa region: Guidelines. Ministry of Health of Ukraine, Ukr. Сenter of Sc. Inf. & Patent Lic., Odessa. 24 p.
Misyura, E. V., Kazakov, A. V., Kravchun. N. A. (2014). Epidemiological aspects of obesity in Ukraine. Endocrinology, 19(4), 325.
Dyachuk, D. D., Matyukha, L. F., Zabolotna, I. E. (2017). Awareness of family physicians on overweight and obesity in children (according to the questionnaire of general practitioners-family physicians). Family medicine, (3), 69-72.
Zelinska, N. B., Rudenko, N. G. (2015). The state of medical care for children with endocrine pathology in Ukraine in 2014. Ukrainian Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology, (2), 5-13.
Zelinskaya, N. B., Ostashko, S. I., Rudenko, N. G. (2011). The state of providing specialized care to children with endocrine pathology in Ukraine in 2010. Endocrinological Service of Ukraine, 3(35). Electronic resource.
Benz, T. M. (2015). Modern approaches to obesity therapy. Medicines of Ukraine, (3), 35-38.
Velychko, V. I. (2012). New approaches in the complex treatment of children with obesity. Odessa Medical Journal, (1), 27-32.
Dovgy, I. L. Voroshilov, O. P. Nikitey, O. M. (2012). Rehabilitation treatment of excess body weight and obesity. Medical Affairs, (7), 129-132.
Lezhenko, G. O., Pashkova, O. E., Gladun, K. V. (2011). Pharmacotherapeutic tactics for obesity in children. Child Health, (3), 49-51.
Pavlyshyn, G. A. (2012). Early start – the key to effective primary prevention. The art of treatment, (8), 22-26.
Dyachuk, D. D., Zabolotna I. E. (2017). Substantiation of medical and social monitoring of obesity in children. Problems of nutrition, (2), 5-16.
Dyachuk, D. D., Zabolotna I. E. (2017). Substantiation of the organization of medical and sociological monitoring of obesity in children in a multidisciplinary health care institution. Bulletin of social hygiene and health care organization of Ukraine, (4), 41-47.
Methodical recommendations for general practitioners – family medicine on counseling patients on the basic principles of healthy eating [Electronic resource]: approved by order of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine No. 16 on January 14, 2013. Retrieved from: http://www.moz.gov.ua/ua/portal/dn_20130114_0016.html
Chaichenko, T. V. (2013). System of integrated care for children with obesity and metabolic syndrome. Experimental and clinical medicine, (3), 80-89.
Yakovenko, V. V. (2012). Modern approaches to the treatment of excess body weight and obesity in children and adolescents. Current issues of modern medicine: Bulletin of the Ukrainian Medical Dental Academy: Scientific and Practical Journal, 12(4), 240-243.
Daniels, S. R., Hassink, S. G. (2015). Committee on Nutrition. The role of the pediatrician in primary prevention of obesity. Pediatrics, 136, e.275-e.292.
Whitlock, E. P., O'Conner, E. A., Williams, S. B., Beil, T. L., & Lutz, K. W. (2010). Effectiveness of Primary Care Interventions for Weight Management in Children and Adolescents: An Updated, Targeted Systematic Review for the USPSTF. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US).
Benz, T. M. (2012). Diet therapy of obesity. Endocrinology, 17(1), 102-105.
Valieva, S.T. (2014). Prevalence and risk factors for the formation of excess body weight in children 2-5 years of the Azerbaijani population. Problems of endocrinology, 60(4), 43-46.
Velychko, V.I. (2012). Risk factors for obesity in children of primary school age. Bulletin of scientific research, (2), 58-60.
Egorova, E. S., Mustafina, M. M., Gabbasov, R. T., Borisova, A. V., & Akhmetov, I. I. (2014). Modifying effect of physical activity on genetic predisposition to obesity. Therapeutic archive, 86(10), 36-39.
Rakhimova, G.N., Azimova, Sh. Sh. (2012). Integral assessment of risk factors for the development of metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents with obesity. International Journal of Endocrinology, (3), 77-81.
Yudochkin, A. V., Sharafetdinov, Kh. H., Plotnikova, O. A., & Starodubova, A.V. (2011). Modern ideas about the role of nutrition and genetic factors in the development of metabolic syndrome. Questions of nutrition, (3), 18-24.
Tsiunchik, Yu. G. (2015). Factors of obesity risk in children of Odessa region. Perinatology and pediatrics, (3), 89-91.
Bezsheiko, V. What frequency of meals is best for obese people? Ukrainian medical journal: Sc.- pract. general medical journal, (6), 71.
Dyachuk, D. D., Zabolotna, I. E., &Yashchenko Y. B. (2017). Obesity in children: risk factors and recommendations for prevention. Modern Pediatrics, (2), 42-46.
Boyland, E. J., &Whalen, R. (2015). Food advertising to children and its effects on diet: a review of recent prevalence and impact data. Pediatr Diabetes, 16(5), 331-337. DOI: 10.1111/pedi.12278.
Velichko, V. I. (2012). Influence of moderate controlled physical activity on obese children. Zaporozhye Medical Journal, (2), 11-16.
Chaichenko, T. V. (2016). Modern approaches to the organization of nutrition and physical activity of children with normal and excess body weight: textbook. Ministry of Health of Ukraine; Kharkiv National Medical University, Kharkiv. 100 p.
Jaworski, J., Buyas, P., Thozewski, D. (2011). Influence of computer games on body mass indicators and coordination abilities. Theory and practice of physical culture, (1), 52-56.
Deforche, B., Haerens, L., & de Bourdeaudhuij, I. (2011). How to make overweight children exercise and follow the recommendations. International journal of pediatric obesity : IJPO : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 6 Suppl 1, 35-41. DOI: 10.3109/17477166.2011.583660.
Kelley, G. A., & Kelley, K. S. (2013). Effects of exercise in the treatment of overweight and obese children and adolescents: a systematic review of meta-analyses. Journal of obesity, 2013, 783103. DOI: 10.1155/2013/783103.
Vasconcellos, F., Seabra, A., Katzmarzyk, P. T., Kraemer-Aguiar, L. G., Bouskela, E., & Farinatti, P. (2014). Physical activity in overweight and obese adolescents: systematic review of the effects on physical fitness components and cardiovascular risk factors. Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.), 44(8), 1139-1152. DOI: 10.1007/s40279-014-0193-7.
Showell, N. N., Fawole, O., Segal, J., Wilson, R. F., Cheskin, L. J., Bleich, S. N. … & Wang, Y. (2013). A systematic review of home-based childhood obesity prevention studies. Pediatrics, 132(1), e193-e200. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2013-0786.
Carlos, L. (2015). Early Life Factors Influencing the Risk of Obesity. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. Nutr., 18(4), 217-223.
Manios, Y., Moschonis, G., Androutsos, O., Filippou, C., Van Lippevelde, W., Vik, F. N. … & ENERGY Consortium (2015). Family sociodemographic characteristics as correlates of children's breakfast habits and weight status in eight European countries. The ENERGY (EuropeaN Energy balance Research to prevent excessive weight Gain among Youth) project. Public health nutrition, 18(5), 774-783. DOI: 10.1017/S1368980014001219.
Neumark-Sztainer, D., Bauer, K. W., Friend, S., Hannan, P. J., Story, M., & Berge, J. M. (2010). Family weight talk and dieting: how much do they matter for body dissatisfaction and disordered eating behaviors in adolescent girls? The Journal of adolescent health: official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 47(3), 270-276. DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2010.02.001.
Twiddy, M., Wilson, I., Bryant, M., & Rudolf, M. (2012). Lessons learned from a family-focused weight management intervention for obese and overweight children. Public health nutrition, 15(7), 1310-1317. DOI: 10.1017/S1368980011003211.
Vámosi, M., Heitmann, B. L., & Kyvik, K. O. (2010). The relation between an adverse psychological and social environment in childhood and the development of adult obesity: a systematic literature review. Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 11(3), 177-184. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2009.00645.x.
Netrebenko, O. K. (2011). Metabolic programming in the antenatal period. Questions of gynecology, obstetrics and perinatology, 11(6), 58-65.
Cherevko, I. G. (2012). Features of the clinical course of obesity in adolescent boys, taking into account adverse factors of perinatal development. Problems of endocrine pathology, (3), 12-20.
Drake, A. J., & Reynolds, R. M. (2010). Impact of maternal obesity on off spring obesity and cardiometabolic disease risk. Reprod. Camb. Engl., 140 (3): 387-398.
Tokarchuk, N. I., Timchuk, E. V. (2012). Diagnostic markers of overweight and obesity in young children. Perinatology and Pediatrics, (1), 64-66.
Tokarchuk, N. I., Timchuk, E. V. (2009). Excess body weight in young children – a risk factor for diseases in the future. Modern Pediatrics, (6), 154-156.
Tokarchuk, N. I., Timchuk, E. V. (2010). Rational nutrition of young children - a step towards prevention of overweight and obesity. Perinatology and Pediatrics, (3), 61-62.
Larnkjær, A., Mølgaard, C., & Michaelsen, K. F. (2012). Early nutrition impact on the insulin-like growth factor axis and later health consequences. Current opinion in clinical nutrition and metabolic care, 15(3), 285-292. DOI: 10.1097/MCO.0b013e328351c472.
Pokhilko, V. I., Tsvirenko, S. N., Solovieva, G. A., Chernyavskaya, Y. I. (2016). Influence of nutrient supply in prenatal and infant age on the development of obesity in children. Modern Pediatrics, (7), 106-111.
Tokarchuk, N. I. (2014). Leptin – as a factor in the development of obesity in young children. Bulletin of M. I. Pirogov Vinnytsia National Medical University, 18(2), 537-540.
Badillo-Suárez, P. A., Rodríguez-Cruz, M., & Nieves-Morales, X. (2017). Impact of Metabolic Hormones Secreted in Human Breast Milk on Nutritional Programming in Childhood Obesity. Journal of mammary gland biology and neoplasia, 22(3), 171-191. DOI: 10.1007/s10911-017-9382-y.
Weber, M., Grote, V., Closa-Monasterolo, R., Escribano, J., Langhendries, J. P., Dain, E. … & European Childhood Obesity Trial Study Group (2014). Lower protein content in infant formula reduces BMI and obesity risk at school age: follow-up of a randomized trial. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 99(5), 1041-1051. DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.113.064071.
Solntseva, A. V. (2014). Family and individual risk factors associated with the early development of childhood obesity. Ukrainian Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology, (1), 15-21.
Steffen, L. M., Sinaiko, A. R., Zhou, X., Moran, A., Jacobs, D. R., Jr, Korenfeld, Y. … & Steinberger, J. (2013). Relation of adiposity, television and screen time in offspring to their parents. BMC pediatrics, 13, 133. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2431-13-133.
Avis, J. L., Jackman, A., Jetha, M. M., Ambler, K. A., Krug, C., Sivakumar, M., & Ball, G. D. (2015). Lifestyle Behaviors of Parents of Children in Pediatric Weight Management: Are They Meeting Recommendations? Clinical pediatrics, 54(11), 1068-1075. DOI: 10.1177/0009922814566930.
Andrikevych, I. I., Mantak, G. I., Zvenigorodska, G. Yu. (2017). Study of food behavior of children with overweight and obesity. Bulletin of M. I. Pirogov Vinnytsia National Medical University, 21(1(2)), 238-241.
Nyzhnyk, A. E. (2013). Food behavior of young people as a subject of psychological research. Scientific notes. Psychology and Pedagogy Series, (22), 136-140.
Sorokman, T. V. (2015). Disorders of eating behavior as predictors of obesity in children. International Journal of Endocrinology, (5): 174-177.
Keränen, A. M., Strengell, K., Savolainen, M. J., & Laitinen, J. H. (2011). Effect of weight loss intervention on the association between eating behaviour measured by TFEQ-18 and dietary intake in adults. Appetite, 56(1), 156-162. DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2010.10.004.
Kobets, T. V., Yakovenko, V. V. (2013). Estimation, interpretation and prognostic value of mass-growth indices in children with excess body weight and obesity in the early stages of the disease. Child Health, (1), 54-56.
Pavlyshyn, G. A., Furdela, V. B., Samson, O. Ya., Andrikevich, I. I. (2013). Obesity in pediatric patients: to treat or observe? Modern Pediatrics: Scientific and Practical Pediatric Journal, (2), 20-25.
Poluboyarinov, I. V. (2010). Anthropometric, metabolic and hormonal features of obesity, which debuted in childhood, adolescence and reproductive periods. International Journal of Endocrinology, (3), 22-27.
Fenner, A. A., Howie, E. K., Davis, M. C., & Straker, L. M. (2016). Relationships between psychosocial outcomes in adolescents who are obese and their parents during a multi-disciplinary family-based healthy lifestyle intervention: One-year follow-up of a waitlist controlled trial (Curtin University's Activity, Food and Attitudes Program). Health and quality of life outcomes, 14(1), 100. DOI: 10.1186/s12955-016-0501-z.
WHO (2016). Report of the commission on ending childhood obesity. WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data [Electronic resource]. Retrieved from: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/204176/1/9789241510066_eng.pdf
Copyright for articles published in the journal is regulated by the License Agreement for the use of a scientific article in the journal, which is concluded between the author of the article (Licensor) and Kharkov National Medical University (Licensee, publisher of the journal "Inter Collegas"). The licensor grants to the Licensee a non-exclusive non-exclusive license for the use of the article (a license that does not exclude the use of the article by the Licensor and the issuance of licenses to others for use of this article) on the terms and for the period specified in the contract. The licensor (the author of the article) grants the Licensee the right to reproduce the article (publication in the journal "Inter Collegas", publication, duplication, duplication or other reproduction of the article without limiting the circulation of copies, each copy of the article must contain the name of the Licensor; Of general information, including the publication of the article in full or in part on the Internet on the journal page, the right to use the metadata of the article (titles, full names of authors, annotations, bibliography eskih materials) through the dissemination and communication to the public, processing and systematization, as well as inclusion in various databases and in-formational system).
The licensor grants the licensee the right to transfer, store and process his personal data (full name, scientific degree, academic title, place of work and position, contact information of the authors) with the purpose of including them in the database in accordance with the Law of Ukraine No. 2297 - VI "on protection of personal data" from 01.06.2010.
Personal data and metadata of the article are provided for their storage and processing in various databases and information systems, including them in analytical and statistical reporting, creating sound relationships between the objects of works of science, literature and art with personal data, etc. on unlimited territory. The licensee has the right to transfer the specified data for processing and storage to third parties provided that such a fact is notified with the provision of information about the third party (name and address) to the Licensor.