CHARACTERISTICS OF THE PSYCHO-EMOTIONAL STATE OF PARENTS OF CHILDREN WITH PARALYTIC SYNDROMES AND ITS CHANGES DURING REHABILITATION MEASURES
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Keywords

children with paralytic syndromes,
chronic pain,
psycho-emotional state,
physical rehabilitation.

Abstract

Abstract. The current strategy for the treatment of chronic pain in children with paralytic syndromes and neurological lesions, defined by the WHO recommendations in 2012. These recommendations provide a multimodal approach of analgesia for the chronic pain treatment, including the widespread use of non-pharmacological methods and pharmacological therapy.

Aim. Assessing the subjective vision of parents of children with paralytic syndromes regarding the impact of physical rehabilitation on chronic pain and their psycho-emotional state.

Materials and methods. Data from 64 children and their mothers (64 persons) were included in the study. The age of the children ranged from 1 to 6 years, the median age was 3 years and 3 months.

Results. The changed psycho-emotional state of parents of children with paralytic syndromes is determined. If the child has chronic pain, the parents: "Concern about the treatment of the child" is doubled (RR=2.1; p=0.0024), "Hyperopia of the child" - twice (RR=1.9; p=0.0094), "Intolerance to observe the suffering of the child" - one and a half times (RR=1.6; p=0.0017), and increases one and a half times "Sadness and anger when a child cries" (RR=1.5; p=0.0122), "Internal tension" (RR=1.5; p=0.0029), "Insomnia" (RR=1.5; p=0.0215), "Inability of the child to lead a normal image life "(RR=1.5; p=0.0035), "Search for compassion or understanding" (RR=1.5; p=0.0446), "Inner anxiety, feeling of possible trouble" (RR=1.5; p=0.0074). After receiving rehabilitation measures, the psycho-emotional state of the parents of children with paralytic syndromes was determined to decrease: "It is intolerable to observe the child's condition" decreased by 31.3% (p=0.0012); "Feelings of inner anxiety" decreased by 24.5% (p=0.0125); "I fall asleep badly due to the child's condition" decreased by 20.6% (p=0.0109); "Internal tension" decreased by 19.6% (p=0.0269); "Sleepless nights due to the condition of the child" decreased by 18.6% (p=0.0401).

Conclusion.The authors consider that physical rehabilitation in children with paralytic syndromes reduces the incidence of moderate chronic pain and improves the emotional state of parents. So, we think that new approaches to rehabilitation should be applied  with daily management of the children with paralytic syndromes’ needs and their families with increased psychological and social support. Perhaps the searching for new approaches that optimize more intensive and effective rehabilitation strategies using the family reserve will provide the potential for adaptability of nerve plasticity and recovery in such a contingent of children and prospects for the future.

https://doi.org/10.35339/ic.9.1.36-44
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