NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT IN CHILDREN WITH CONGENITAL MALFORMATIONS OF BRAIN IN UKRAINE: SINGLE-CENTER OBSERVATIONAL DESCRIPTIVE CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY
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Keywords

children, protein-energy malnutrition, congenital malformations of brain, LMICs.
діти, білково-енергетична недостатність, вроджені вади розвитку мозку, LMICs
дети, белково-энергетическая недостаточность, врожденные пороки развития мозга, LMICs

Abstract

NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT IN CHILDREN WITH CONGENITAL MALFORMATIONS OF BRAIN IN UKRAINE: SINGLE-CENTER OBSERVATIONAL DESCRIPTIVE CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY

Riga O., Orlova N., Ishchenko T.

In Ukraine, as one of low income and middle income countries (LMICs), PEM is detected and diagnosed not quite actively especially in children with neurologic impairment. Methods: Nutritive status and energy consumption was evaluated in 17 young and preschool children with congenital malformations of brain by anthropometry, 24-hour dietary recall and questionnaire of caregivers. Results: The study demonstrate nutritional disorders: Z-score BW for age in total cohort was -3.2, H/L for age was -2.7. The moderate PEM was diagnosed in 2/17 children, severe PEM in 12/17. The late appointment of nutritional support to such children has been demonstrated, its effect on increasing growth and body weight. Conclusion. The importance of drawing up individual plans for the energetic consumption of the children with congenital malformations of brain with training of caregivers and rehabilitative and palliative team was shown.

Keywords: children, protein-energy malnutrition, congenital malformations of brain, LMICs.

 

Резюме.

ХАРЧОВИЙ СТАТУС І ХАРЧОВА ПІДТРИМКА ДІТЕЙ З ВРОДЖЕНИМИ ВАДАМИ РОЗВИТКУ МОЗКУ В УКРАЇНІ: ОДНОЦЕНТРОВЕ НАОЧНО-ОПИСОВЕ КРОС-СЕКЦІЙНЕ ДОСЛІДЖЕННЯ

Ріга О.О., Орлова Н.В., Іщенко Т.Б.

В Україні, як одна із країн з низьким рівнем доходу та середнього доходу (LMICs), БЕН виявляється та діагностується не досить активно, особливо у дітей з порушеннями неврології. Методи: Харчовий статус та споживання енергії було оцінено у 17 дітей молодшого та дошкільного віку з вродженими вадами розвитку головного мозку за допомогою антропометрії, цілодобової дієти та анкетування опікунів. Результати: Дослідження демонструє харчові розлади: показник Z-score BW за віком у загальній когорті становив -3,2, H/L для віку -2,7. Помірну БЕН було діагностовано у 2/17 дітей, тяжку БЕН у 12/17. Продемонстровано несвоєчасне призначення харчової підтримки таким дітям, його вплив на збільшення росту та маси тіла. Висновки. Показано важливість складання індивідуальних планів енергетичного споживання дітей з вродженими вадами розвитку мозку під час навчання опікунів та реабілітаційно-паліативного колективу.

Ключові слова: діти, білково-енергетична недостатність, вроджені вади розвитку мозку, LMICs.

 

Резюме.

ПИЩЕВОЙ СТАТУС И ПИЩЕВАЯ ПОДДЕРЖКА ДЕТЕЙ С ВРОЖДЕННЫМИ ПОРОКАМИ РАЗВИТИЯ МОЗГА В УКРАИНЕ: ОДНОЦЕНТРОВОЕ НАГЛЯДНО-ОПИСАТЕЛЬНОЕ КРОСС-СЕКЦИОННОЕ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЕ

Рига Е.А., Орлова Н.В., Ищенко Т.Б.

В Украине, как одна из стран с низким уровнем дохода и среднего дохода (LMICs), БЄН оказывается и диагностируется недостаточно активно, особенно у детей с нарушениями неврологии. Методы: Пищевой статус и потребления энергии было оценено у 17 детей младшего и дошкольного возраста с врожденными пороками развития головного мозга с помощью антропометрии, круглосуточной диеты и анкетирования опекунов. Результаты: Исследование демонстрирует пищевые расстройства: показатель Z-score BW по возрасту в общей когорте составил -3,2, H/L для возраста -2,7. Умеренную БЄН было диагностировано у 2/17 детей, тяжелую БЄН у 12/17. Продемонстрировано несвоевременное назначение пищевой поддержки таким детям, его влияние на увеличение роста и массы тела. Выводы. Показана важность составления индивидуальных планов энергетического потребления детей с врожденными пороками развития мозга во время обучения опекунов и реабилитационно-паллиативного коллектива.

Ключевые слова: дети, белково-энергетическая недостаточность, врожденные пороки развития мозга, LMICs.

https://doi.org/10.35339/ic.7.2.94–101
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